4.4BSD User's Supplementary Documents (USD)

Getting Started

Unix for Beginners - Second Edition

An introduction to the most basic uses of the system.

Learn - Computer-Aided Instruction on UNIX (Second Edition)

Describes a computer-aided instruction program that walks new users through the basics of files, the editor, and document preparation software.

Basic Utilities

An Introduction to the UNIX Shell

Steve Bourne's introduction to the capabilities of sh a command interpreter especially popular for writing shell scripts.

An Introduction to the C shell

This introduction to csh (a command interpreter popular for interactive work) describes many commonly used UNIX commands, assumes little prior knowledge of UNIX, and has a glossary useful for beginners.

DC - An Interactive Desk Calculator

A super HP calculator, if you do not need floating point.

BC - An Arbitrary Precision Desk-Calculator Language

A front end for DC that provides infix notation, control flow, and built-in functions.

Communicating with the World

Mail Reference Manual

Complete details on one of the programs for sending and reading your mail.

The Rand MH Message Handling System

This system for managing your computer mail uses lots of small programs, instead of one large one.

Text Editing

A Tutorial Introduction to the Unix Text Editor

An easy way to get started with the line editor, ed.

Advanced Editing on Unix

The next step.

An Introduction to Display Editing with Vi

The document to learn to use the vi screen editor.

Ex Reference Manual (Version 3.7)

The final reference for the ex editor.

Vi Reference Manual

The definitive reference for the nvi editor.

Jove Manual for UNIX Users

Jove is a small, self-documenting, customizable display editor, based on EMACS. A plausible alternative to vi.

SED - A Non-interactive Text Editor

Describes a one-pass variant of ed useful as a filter for processing large files.

AWK - A Pattern Scanning and Processing Language (Second Edition)

A program for data selection and transformation.

Document Preparation

Typing Documents on UNIX: Using the -ms Macros with Troff and Nroff

Describes and gives examples of the basic use of the typesetting tools and ``-ms'', a frequently used package of formatting requests that make it easier to lay out most documents.

A Revised Version of -ms

A brief description of the Berkeley revisions made to the -ms formatting macros for nroff and troff.

Writing Papers with nroff using -me

Another popular macro package for nroff.

-me Reference Manual

The final word on -me.

NROFF/TROFF User's Manual

Extremely detailed information about these document formatting programs.

A TROFF Tutorial

An introduction to the most basic uses of troff for those who really want to know such things, or want to write their own macros.

A System for Typesetting Mathematics

Describes eqn, an easy-to-learn language for high-quality mathematical typesetting.

Typesetting Mathematics - User's Guide (Second Edition)

More details about how to use eqn.

Tbl - A Program to Format Tables

A program for easily typesetting tabular material.

Refer - A Bibliography System

An introduction to one set of tools used to maintain bibliographic databases. The major program, refer, is used to automatically retrieve and format the references based on document citations.

Some Applications of Inverted Indexes on the UNIX System

Mike Lesk's paper describes the refer programs in a somewhat larger context.

BIB - A Program for Formatting Bibliographies

This is an alternative to refer for expanding citations in documents.

Writing Tools - The STYLE and DICTION Programs

These are programs which can help you understand and improve your writing style.


A Guide to the Dungeons of Doom

An introduction to the popular game of rogue, a fantasy game which is one of the biggest known users of VAX cycles.

Star Trek

You are the Captain of the Starship Enterprise. Wipe out the Klingons and save the Federation.