OpenBSD 2.8

Released December 1, 2000
Copyright 1997-2000, Theo de Raadt.
ISBN 0-9683637-6-8

All applicable copyrights and credits can be found in the applicable file sources found in the files src.tar.gz, srcsys.tar.gz, X11.tar.gz, or in the files fetched via ports.tar.gz. The distribution files used to build packages from the ports.tar.gz file are not included on the CDROM because of lack of space.

What's New

This is a partial list of new features and systems included in OpenBSD 2.8. For a comprehensive list, see the changelog leading to 2.8.

How to install

Following this are the instructions which you would have on a piece of paper if you had purchased a CDROM set instead of doing an alternate form of install. The instructions for doing an ftp (or other style of) install are very similar; the CDROM instructions are left intact so that you can see how much easier it would have been if you had purchased a CDROM instead.

Please refer to the following files on the two CDROMs for extensive details on how to install OpenBSD 2.8 on your machine:

  • CD1:2.8/i386/INSTALL.i386
  • CD1:2.8/powerpc/INSTALL.powerpc
  • CD1:2.8/vax/INSTALL.vax

  • CD2:2.8/sparc/INSTALL.sparc
  • CD2:2.8/mvme68k/INSTALL.mvme68k
  • CD2:2.8/amiga/INSTALL.amiga
  • CD2:2.8/mac68k/INSTALL.mac68k
  • CD2:2.8/hp300/INSTALL.hp300
  • CD2:2.8/sun3/INSTALL.sun3

  • The pmax release is available on the ftp sites, but not on the CDs.

  • Quick installer information for people familiar with OpenBSD, and the use of the new "disklabel -E" command. If you are at all confused when installing OpenBSD, read the relevant INSTALL.* file as listed above!


    Play with your BIOS options, and see if you can enable booting off a CD; try using CD1. If not, write CD1:2.8/i386/floppy28.fs to a floppy, then boot that. If you are mixing OpenBSD with another operating system, you will surely need to read the INSTALL.i386 document.

    To make a floppy under MS-DOS, use /2.8/tools/rawrite.exe. Under Unix, use "dd if=<file> of=/dev/<device> bs=32k" (where device could be "floppy" or "rfd0c" or "rfd0a"). Use properly formatted perfect floppies with NO BAD BLOCKS or you will lose.

    If you experience any boot hangs on PCI devices, or any panic early in boot that seems related to pcibios(4), you might have to disable the pcibios device as a workaround. At the boot> prompt, type "boot -c" to enter User Kernel Configuration. At the UKC> prompt, enter "disable pcibios" then "quit". See config(8) after a successful boot for instructions on how to re-write your kernel to disable pcibios(4) permanently.


    To boot off CD2, type "boot cdrom 2.8/sparc/bsd.rd", or "b sd(0,6,0)2.8/sparc/bsd.rd" depending on your ROM version. Alternatively, write CD2:2.8/sparc/floppy28.fs to a floppy and boot it using "boot floppy" or "boot fd()" depending on your ROM version.


    Create BSD partitions according to INSTALL.amiga's preparation section. Mount the CD2 under AmigaOS as device CD0: Next, execute the following CLI command: "CD0:2.8/amiga/utils/loadbsd CD0:2.8/amiga/bsd.rd".


    You can boot over the network by following the instructions in INSTALL.hp300.


    Boot MacOS as normal and partition your disk with the appropriate A/UX configurations. Then, extract the Macside utilities from CD2:2.8/mac68k/utils onto your hard disk. Run Mkfs to create your filesystems on the A/UX partitions you just made. Then, use the BSD/Mac68k Installer to copy all the sets in CD2:2.8/mac68k/ onto your partitions. Finally, you will be ready to configure the BSD/Mac68k Booter with the location of your kernel and boot the system.


    Get the release via ftp. Then, you can either setup a diskless boot or create an installation tape, as described in INSTALL.sun3.

    Notes about the source code:

    src.tar.gz contains a source archive starting at /usr/src. This file contains everything you need except for the kernel sources, which are in a separate archive. To extract:

    # mkdir -p /usr/src
    # cd /usr/src
    # tar xvfz /tmp/src.tar.gz

    srcsys.tar.gz contains a source archive starting at /usr/src/sys. This file contains all the kernel sources you need to rebuild kernels. To extract:

    # mkdir -p /usr/src/sys
    # cd /usr/src
    # tar xvfz /tmp/srcsys.tar.gz

    Both of these trees are a regular CVS checkout. Using these trees it is possible to get a head-start on using the anoncvs servers as described at http://www.OpenBSD.org/anoncvs.html. Using these files results in a much faster initial CVS update than you could expect from a fresh checkout of the full OpenBSD source tree.

    Ports Tree

    A ports tree archive is also provided. To extract:

    # cd /usr
    # tar xvfz /tmp/ports.tar.gz
    # cd ports
    # ls

    The ports/ subdirectory is a checkout of the OpenBSD ports tree. Go read http://www.OpenBSD.org/faq/faq15.html if you know nothing about ports at this point. This text is not a manual of how to use ports. Rather, it is a set of notes meant to kickstart the user on the OpenBSD ports system.

    Certainly, the OpenBSD ports system is not complete. This is because the full integration of ports into the OpenBSD environment is still a young project as of this release. We believe the ports that are provided here are stable, but it is most important to realize that ports will continue to grow a great deal in functionality in the future.

    As we said, ports will be growing a lot in the future. The ports/ directory represents a CVS (see the manpage for cvs(1) if you aren't familiar with CVS) checkout of our ports. As with our complete source tree, our ports tree is available via anoncvs. So, in order to keep current with it, you must make the ports/ tree available on a read-write medium and update the tree with a command like:

    # cd [portsdir]/; cvs -d anoncvs@server.openbsd.org:/cvs update -Pd

    [Of course, you must replace the local directory and server name here with the location of your ports collection and a nearby anoncvs server.]

    Again, it is important to see the webpage for specific instructions as this is a new service which hasn't yet been ironed out completely.

    Finally, despite ports' youth, help is never far. If you're interested in seeing a port added, would like to help out, or just would like to know more, the mailing list ports@openbsd.org is a good place to know.